Many writers have written articles and some have written books on the claims and writings of Mirza Ghulam-e- Ahmed of Quadian. A study of the material written on Mirza’s claims and writings highlights a trend followed by most of the writers adopting a simpler and easier approach by highlighting outrageous statements made by Mirza and cramping different claims in an article or a book.
For this series of Articles we are going to use the name Mirza Quadiani for him. His name really means “servant of Ahmed” or “slave of Ahmed” to be more accurate. This distinction is important to make from the outset. Mirza Quadiani deliberately and deceptively used “Ahmed” to make outrageous claims that his personage was prophesised in Bible and he had been mentioned in Quran.
Our endeavour is to write series of articles highlighting different claims and then presenting to the readers in depth and comprehensive insight into writings and personality of Mirza Quadiani.
Mirza made various claims in his books then withdrew some of his claims when he faced with mounting criticism and hostility from his opponents in particular and from Muslims of his era in general. But being a deceptive person, he always tried to twist his own writings to justify his outrageous and blasphemous claims. At times he would maintain a very hostile posture towards his opponents, use vulgar down right provocative, insulting language against his opponents and Muslims.
Mirza made many claims ranging from Reviver of Islam, Promised Messiah of every religion, Mehdi, second coming of Jesus AS, second advent of Prophet Muhammad SAW, Prophethood of various degrees and descriptions and even divinity.
In this article we will concentrate on his claims of Prophethood in a narrow meaning of Sadiq. When faced with mounting criticism, Mirza Quadiani wrote a book “Removal of a misunderstanding”. This article will mainly explore explanations Mirza Quadiani provided in this book together with background and meaning of the condition he set up for the Prophethood after Prophet Muhammad SAW.
Condition for Prophethood set by Mirza Quadiani
In this book, Mirza Quadiani stated Verse 33:40
Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things.
Mirza also quoted Hadith from Bukhari Kitabul fada’il “La Nabi Badi” there is no prophet after me.
This verse contains a prophecy of which our opponents do not have the least idea. In this prophecy God Almighty says that, after the Holy Prophet the door of prophecies has been closed till the Day of Judgement and it is no longer possible for a Hindu, a Jew, a Christian or nominal Muslims to assume the title of Prophet and that all the doors leading to prophethood have been closed except the door of Sirat-e-Siddiqi i.e. losing oneself in the Holy Prophet.
Mirza further wrote;
Thus he who comes to God through this door is clad, by way of Zill in the same mantle of Prophethood which is the mantle of the Prophethood of Muhammad SAW. As such, his being a Prophet is not a matter for jealously, for he does not derive his status from himself but from the fountain of the Holy Prophet SAW; and, that too, not for his own glory but for the glory and majesty of the Holy Prophet SAW. For this reason, in heaven he is named Muhammad SAW and Ahmed SAW. Thus the Prophethood of Muhammad SAW in the final analysis returns to Muhammad SAW, albeit by way of Buruz and to no one else
Deception by Quadiani Jamat
Before we examine claims of Mirza Quadiani, it is important to point to a deliberate deception by the publisher of translation for this book. On the page 4 we find following foot note 9
Complete devotion to the Holy Prophet SAW, such as was shown by Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Publisher).
Fact remains, Mirza Quadiani didn’t mention Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq RA in his original book therefore it is curious why publisher decided to add this note. There is a huge problem for the Quadiani Jamat for the qualifications for Prophethood outlined by Mirza. We do not find any evidence that such claim was ever made by Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq RA or by any other Sahaba’s of the Prophet SAW. Hadrat Abu Bakr was called Siddiq and not Sadiq; this is an important distinction to make for further analysis of Mirza’s claim in this book.
Quadiani Jamat has shown their deception even in the translation of the name of this book, the title should be “Removal of an Error” rather then “Removal of a misunderstanding”.
Concept of Sadiq or tZadik
It is imperative to explore concept of Sadiq, after all this is the only qualification to become a Prophet according to Mirza Quadiani.
Quadianis especially Lahoris boost that Dr. Allama Iqbal was sympathetic to Quadianiat and he was impressed with literally merits of Mirza’s work. Some Quadianis make highly dubious claims that he actually accepted Mirza and was a Quadiani. We always thought that knowing the intelligence and thinking genius of Dr. Iqbal it is almost neigh impossible for him to fall pray to someone as scrupulous as Mirza who has no command of either the language or the subject matter, nor the works he produced could be classed as a literally masterpieces. A deeper study of Mirza Quadiani’s work reveal this fact to any intelligent and knowledgeable person that Mirza was either completely unaware of Islamic teachings and specially Quranic teachings or that he purposefully wrote those books to mislead and spread white lies against Quran and other Islamic teachings and concepts.
Dr. Iqbal wrote on finality of Prophethood
This idea of Finality is perhaps the most original idea in the cultural history of mankind: its true significance can be understood only by those who carefully study the history of pre-Islamic Magian culture in Western and Middle Asia. The concept of Magian culture, according to modern research, includes cultures associated with Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Jewish Christianity, Chaldean and Sabean religion. To these creed-communities the idea of the continuity of prophethood was essential, and consequently they lived in a state of constant expectation. It is probable that the Magian man psychologically enjoyed this state of expectation. The modern man is spiritually far more emancipated than the Magian man. The result of the Magian attitude was the disintegration of old communities and the constant formation of new ones by all sorts of religious adventurers.
Dr. Iqbal had a full understanding of personality of Mirza and his motives, purpose, theological and religious forces behind Mirza’s different claims, as we expected from a genius and student of Islamic history, a world renewed philosopher of 20th century Muslim world.
On the concept of tZadik in Hebrew or Sadiq in Arabic Dr. Iqbal wrote following regarding Quadiani’s believes and writings of Mirza;
Its idea of a jealous God with an inexhaustible store of earthquakes and plagues for its opponents; its conception of the prophet as a soothsayer; its idea of the continuity of the spirit of messiah, are so absolutely Jewish that the movement can easily be regarded as a return to early Judaism.
Dr. Iqbal is spot on in his analysis of Quadianis beliefs sprouting from the writings of Mirza. Dr. Iqbal further explains the concept of tZadik or Sadiq and its origin by quoting Baalshem,
It was thought that the spirit of the Messiah descended upon the earth through the prophets and even though a long line of holy men stretching into the present time - the tZaddiks (Sadiq).
Dr. Iqbal put the concept and origin of the idea and concept of tZadik into right prospective. Jamat has tried to put an Islamic twist on this concept by introducing a very misleading footnote to the writings of Mirza. There is absolutely no doubt that Mirza did not mentioned Hadarat Abu Baker Sadiq RA nor did he have anyone else in mind to qualify for a self prescribed formulae for Prophethood. If Mirza intended to give example of H.Abu Bakr Sidiq RA then he would have face the prospect of ridicule from Muslims. Legitimate question would be why Abu Baker was not a Prophet when Mirza could be a prophet.
Concept of tZadik in Jewish religion
Tzadik i.e. righteous one is a title given to those who are considered to be righteous such as spiritual leaders. The root word is Tzadek which means justice or righteousness. True title of a tZadik is applied to one who never sins, but also removed any inclination to sin. Talmud states
A tzadik decrees and the Holy one (blessed be he) fulfils.
We also find some Quadianis quoting regularly that God created human in His own image. This perception is completely un-Islamic and has roots in the Bible (Old Testament) and in Jewish traditions.
The form for the letter Tzadik resembles Alef in Hibrew more than any other letter in that language, according to Jewish traditions as taught in Kabbalah.
The mate of the “Alef” the Master of the Universe i.e. God, is Tzadik “the righteous one” as it is said that the Tzadik is the foundation of the world.
According to Jewish teachings, the letter Tzadik derived from Tzelem, the divine image in which God created man.
Mirza’s failed attempts to introduce Magian ideas into Islamic teachings
Mirza twisted Islamic teachings to introduce ideas such as Buruz, Zill and 2nd advent or idea of re-incarnation. His sole purpose to introduce these ideas was to mislead unsuspecting and simple people who had very basic knowledge of Islam, let alone to deal with complicated or incomprehensible issues discuss by someone as devilishly misleading and crooked as Mirza.
Heretical movements in Muslim Iran under the pressure of Pre-Islamic Magian ideas invented the words buruz, hulul, zill, to cover this idea of a perpetual reincarnation. It was necessary to invent new expressions for a Magian idea in order to make it less shocking to Muslim conscience. Even the phrase "Promised Messiah" is not a product of Muslim religious consciousness. It is a bastard expression and has its origin in the Pre-Islamic Magian outlook.
Mirza’s Understanding of Quranic teachings and his misleading and dishonest interpretations
1- Recipient of Revelations and duration of Prophethood
Before we examine some of the claims or denial by Mirza from this book, it is important to note that even though He wrote;
No Prophet new or old can come in the manner in which people seek the decent of Jesus AS in the latter days, while you also believe that he will be a prophet and that he will continue to receive Prophetic revelation for forty years and thus surpass the period of the Holy Prophet’s Prophethood. Such a belief is undoubtedly sinful.
It is quite obvious Mirza was up to his usual tricks to mislead his followers and readers. Fact remains He himself claimed to be a prophet, which is not denied by Quadianis and he also claimed to have allegedly received Prophetic revelation for forty years, to match the period of second coming of Jesus according to some Hadith’s traditions. In his endeavour to stretch this period to forty years to fulfil the traditions he claimed that he started to receive the revelations at the age of 40, Like Prophet SAW and he had been promised by God to live to an age of 80 or near about. This topic may be subject for another article; therefore, we are focusing our attention to the present topic.
In essence he is guilty of the same sinful belief he was accusing others, after all he claimed for himself revelations and 40 years duration for his alleged Prophethood, exceeding period of Prophethood by Prophet SAW.
2 – Claim of being a Rasool and Nabi and Recipient of knowledge of Unseen
Contrary to perception and claims of Lahori Quadianis instead of denying his claim of Prophethood, Mirza effectively has tried to prove his Prophethood in this book, albeit by using his usual deception of Buruz and Zil, concepts as stated above have no basis or rational in Islamic religion and traditions.
It should be remembered that the literal meaning of Nabi is one who discloses the unseen after having been informed by God. Therefore, the title of Nabi would be justified wherever this connotation would apply. A Nabi has to be a Rasul for if he is not Rasul he cannot be the recipient of knowledge of the unseen as indicated by Al- Jinn 72: 26/27 “ He does not grant anyone ascendancy over His domain of the unseen, except him whom He Chooses as His Messenger”. Now taking this connotation into account, if the appearance of a Nabi is denied, it will tantamount to believing that this umma has been deprived of Divine address and converse, because whosoever discloses matters of the unseen on the basis of Divine knowledge would necessarily be a Nabi within the connotation of the verse “He does not grant ascendancy over His domain of the unseen.
Lahori’s point of view is not based on facts, but rather on false propaganda. Mirza did not deny his prophethood in this book; on the contrary he is trying to prove that he is not only Nabi but also Rasul. If this was not his intention he had no need to emphasise Surah Jin.
It is another matter that Mirza displayed his lack of knowledge of Quran and his scant regard for the Word of Allah by quoting above verses from Surah Jin. Verses 72:26/27 do not imply that Allah disclose to the Prophets knowledge of the unseen. On the contrary these Verses categorically state that no one has the knowledge of the Unseen except Allah SWT.
72:26 He [alone] knows that which is beyond the reach of a created being's perception and to none does He disclose aught of the mysteries of His Own unfathomable knowledge,
72:27 unless it be to an apostle whom He has been pleased to elect [there for]: and then He sends forth [the forces of heaven] to watch over him in whatever lies open before him and in what is beyond his ken.
Once Quran makes a categorical decree then it’s virtually an announcement of finality on the topic. Here it is clearly stated that none have the knowledge of the unseen except Allah. In the presence of such categorical statement from Quran it is futile to suggest otherwise. This point is further clarified in the subsequent verse;
72:28 so as to make manifest that it is indeed [but] their Sustainer's messages that these [apostles] deliver: for it is He who encompasses [with His knowledge] all that they have [to say], just as He takes count, one by one, of everything [that exists].
Reason for Allah to appoint Angels over Prophets to manifest that the message is delivered to us through Prophets the way it was intended, vouchsafed. Above verse once again clarify the point made in earlier verses and also reiterated the message of above verses that only Allah has the knowledge of everything which exists in the Universe.
This message that no one else has the knowledge of the Unseen is evident in various Quranic verses.
We find Quran in 5: 109 states that all the Messengers of Allah will pronounce their inability to have any knowledge of Unseen or Hidden things, affirming that only Allah has that knowledge.
In the day when Allah gathereth together the messengers, and saith: What was your response (from mankind)? they say: We have no knowledge. Lo! Thou, only Thou art the Knower of Things Hidden,
6:50 Say (O Muhammad, to the disbelievers): I say not unto you (that) I possess the treasures of Allah, nor that I have knowledge of the Unseen; and I say not unto you: Lo! I am an angel. I follow only that which is inspired in me. Say: Are the blind man and the seer equal? Will ye not then take thought?
This verse state that Prophet SAW to declare that he has no knowledge of the Unseen and he only disclosed to us what was revealed to him by the way of revelations Vouchsafed. Same point made in Surah Al-Jin, Allah appoint Angels to vouchsafe the message delivered through the Prophets, knowledge of the unseen always remain with Allah and Him alone.
This message has been delivered to human through Prophets
6:159 And with Him are the keys of the Invisible. None but He knoweth them. And He knoweth what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it, not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted) in a clear record.
7:188 Say: For myself I have no power to benefit, nor power to hurt, save that which Allah willeth. Had I knowledge of the Unseen, I should have abundance of wealth, and adversity would not touch me. I am but a warner, and a bearer of good tidings unto folk who believe
Above verse leave no doubt at all in the mind of any reader of Quran that Prophet Muhammad SAW had no knowledge of the Unseen and he was nothing but a warner.
Mirza is nothing but a liar to claim that one of the signs of his Prophethood is that knowledge of the hidden and unseen was disclosed to him by Allah. Mirza claimed he is Buruz and Zil of Prophet Muhammad Saw and his Prophethood is derived from nowhere else but from the fountain of Prophethood of Muhammad SAW, this knowledge of the Unseen couldn’t have been derived from Prophet Muhammad SAW, because Prophet SAW didn’t have that knowledge.
18: 26 Say: Allah is Best Aware how long they tarried. His is the Invisible of the heavens and the earth. How clear of sight is He and keen of hearing! They have no protecting friend beside Him, and He maketh none to share in His Government.
We end this particular topic on above verse, which once again reiterate and consolidate that Allah alone has the knowledge of the Unseen and he discloses or share with no one his command his knowledge in this respect, not even to Prophets.
Prophets have one and one purpose; to relay the message of Allah to the human; passed on to them through divine revelations.
Second heresy Mirza has committed is to state that if appearance of Nabi is denied then this Umma (Muslim) is denied divine address and converse. Forgetting that this Umma is already blessed with the divine address and converse in the shape of Quran and through the person of Prophet Muhammad SAW. This heretic has no respect for Prophet Muhammad SAW and His SAW authority. His claims of Fina-fil-Rasul are empty slogans, which we will examine in more details in future articles.
Fundamental questions remains, how is he a Nabi and Rasul? If we accept his arguments that this Muslim Umma needed another Nabi then why no one appeared for 1300 years and will there be other Nabis in the future. We are already witnessing an avalanche of claimant in Quadianiat due to Mirza’s heretical views.
There is absolutely no doubt that Mirza lied through his teeth in his claims and he only wanted to legitimize his claim to simple village folks by giving them twisted explanations for him to be accepted as Prophet by use of deception.
3 - Mirza’s explanation of Zilli Prophethood from Quran
Mirza compared his Zilli and Buruzi Prophethood with Isa AS, and asserted that Isa AS can not return without breaking the seal of Prophethood but by virtue of Zill Mirza is not breaking the seal of Prophethood. Mirza stated Verses 1:06 and 1:07
Show us the straight path, The path of those whom Thou hast favoured; Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray.
Mirza used this Dua in Quran for Muslim’s (to pray to Allah to show them the right path) to claim that these Verses are indications and proof that Zilli and Buruzi Nabis would not break the seal of Prophethood. Mirza was master in twisting teaching of Quran to meet his own ends. He has scant regards for the sanctity of the Scripture.
4- Mirza’s character, could he be treated as a Righteous or Sadiq?
Mirza couldn’t be treated as righteous person or Sadiq i.e. truthful person. Because of Mirza’s claim that his prophethood is by virtue of him being Zil or Buruz of Prophet Muhammad SAW, or according to his own incredible claims to be Second Advent of Prophet Muhammad SAW, even better and complete advent then the first advent of him SAW.
As stated above we are only entertaining the concept of Sadiq or Tzadik in this article, we will leave comparison of Mirza’s other attributes with Prophet Muhammad SAW for a future article and analysis.
Prophet Muhammad SAW before his pronouncement of Prophethood was known as Sadiq and Ameen by his peers.
Mirza wrote in his book;
It is a seldom occurrence that religious opponents praise their enemies. But I have heard some amazing facts from Sikhs whose forefathers fought battles against him (Grandfather of Mirza). People described to me that some time Mirza Sahab would alone engage in a battle against thousands of man and win. No one could dare come close to him, despite valiant efforts by the enemies. They tried to kill him with bullets mortars and cannon rounds but no bullet or mortar would have any affect on him. This miracle of his was described by many of his friends and foes, even by the Sikhs, who have described it from certified accounts by their fathers and Grandfathers. But for me it is nothing extraordinary some people spent a long period in wars but never received any wounds due to miracle from God. So if this miracle is described properly that God kept him safe from enemy’s fire then there is no harm in proclaiming it (miracle).
We strongly are of the opinion that after such a bizarre example there is no further need to elaborate it, or give any other example to prove that Mirza was not a righteous or truthful person. His above quoted paragraph is ample proof if any needed that this man was a bald face liar.
We challenge Quadianis to provide single evidence from any historical book or from any genuine Sikh’s literature one example to prove what Mirza wrote was right.
Mirza’s claim of Promised Messiah of Judaism and Christianity
In this Article we are examining Mirza’s claims predominately in Jewish traditions. Christian’s claims of Messiah for Isa AS are based on Jewish tradition; therefore it is proper to pair these together. Mirza’s claims for Mehdi and Mujadid are not based on Quran but only on Hadiths, therefore, validity of his claims are already weaken due to his inability to provide any direct evidence from Quran to backup his claims.
Examination of Hadiths in regard to Mehdi is a separate issue which needs detailed analysis.
The word Messiah is derived from Jewish concept of Moshiach or the anointed one, his characteristics are;
1-He will be a descendant of Great King David. Mirza obviously was not descendant of David neither he was a Jew; therefore, he does not fulfil first condition.
2-He will be a righteous individual and eminent scholar of Torah. Looking at the life history of Mirza it is obvious that instead of being righteous he was extremely cunning and manipulative, a bald face liar and an opportunist. He had scant knowledge of the scriptures; it is hard for any of his follower to convince scholars of his credentials in any of the disciplines. It is a damning testimony on his literary merits that no independent scholars has ever written anything note worthy about Mirza’s writings.
3-He will inspire everyone beginning with Jews. Mirza’s inspirations didn’t work on majority of Indian of his own vicinity let alone other races and religions. His follower will be hard press to provide any evidence of Mirza inspiring any Jew to his teachings. He and his Jamat may have been used by the Jews for their own ends but no one from Jewish fraternity has ever either acknowledged or recognised Mirza as their Messiah.
4- He will be a very charismatic person and a powerful leader, leading by example. Mirza was in fact complete opposite to being charismatic; he was extremely irritating, short tempered, foul mouth, abusive and irrational person. Only example he has left for his followers are white lies, abusive writings, threats and rhetoric, false claims and then even stranger and outrageous justifications for his claims, bordering on insanity.
Only thing he commanded was Chanda, He was not a ruler but a money grabbing opportunist who has established a money making legacy for his family. The trait his family follows more actively then anything else. It is the only aspect of his legacy they are more concerned with after all it pays to be rich.
5- He will demand and achieve greatness from all the humanity. Mirza never achieved any greatness, he has been cursed and ridiculed more than any other figure in recent history with the exception of some infamous dictators who caused mayhem in the world.
6- He will enable return of Jews to Holy Land. It seems this was not the agenda of Mirza either.
7-He will re-build the Holy Temple. Once again Mirza didn’t fulfil this task.
The Messianic Era is described as time of universal peace, no human suffering, and eradication of diseases, hunger and other problems facing humanity. The Jewish people will return to Holy Land and re-build the 3rd Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
Facts remain, during Mirza’s era mass enslavement of human carried out by white colonists. Very people Mirza praised and obeyed. Hunger and diseases were rampant and still are rampant after 100 years of his death. Throws of First World War were underway resulted in mass destruction and murder of humans in millions. Mirza therefore failed miserably in his claim to be Jewish or Christian Messiah. He did not resembled the Messiah remotely in his characteristic, deeds or outcome of his mission, if there was any, except for his desire to arm his progeny with necessity for a steady income. One aspect he successfully copied from Catholic Church according to his own admissions.
Mirza’s attempts to overcome problems for his claim of being Jewish Messiah
Mirza realised that it is neigh impossible for him to convince any sane person that he is the same Jewish Messiah prophesised in Jewish teachings. After all this was a bridge too far for Mirza to claim that he is the promised Messiah foretold in every major religion of the world or in other words Metriya. We at the moment are not primarily concerned with the issue of Promised Messiah in other religions of the World and validity and correctness of this notion or on the concept of Metriya and its origins. Our main purpose is to demonstrate that Mirza was not the Promised Messiah of Jewish religion. Mirza performed unimaginable stretch to prove that he is that Messiah foretold in Jewish writings. In doing so, Mirza undoubtedly became a laughing stock.
Mirza wrote on P47 of Kashti-Nooh;
like Maryam, Christ spirit was infused in me and metaphorically I was conceived. At last after several months, not more than ten months, through revelation that I have stated in the part four pages 556 of Braheen-e-Ahmadyyia, I was made Christ from Mary. In this way I am son of Mary.
This way Mirza “The Incredible” passed himself as Promised Messiah of Jewish religion. If absurdity had any bounds, Mirza should surely be sitting at the top. We find it a pointless exercise to shed any more light on Mirza’s claims of being first the Mary and then after being infused with the Spirit of Jesus, Mary giving birth to Jesus after 10 months of pregnancy, then Mirza transmigrated himself from Mother Mary to Baby Jesus. What happened to the real Mary then?
This off course all was metaphorical. One is tempted to ask, if it was metaphorical then what happened to the concept of the real Promised Messiah in Jewish traditions who would fulfil the criterion stated in the Jewish literature. Perhaps a follower of Mirza could answer, this all is metaphorical. Metaphorically speaking we all potentially could be Promised Messiah of Jewish religion.
Mirza’s claims failed on each and every count. Without shadow of a doubt he did not fulfil any of the characteristic of “Promised Messiah” of Jewish and Christian traditions.
Mirza didn’t fulfil criterion of being righteous according to Jewish tradition or Sadiq according to Islamic meanings of the word either. He also did not pass a simple and very narrow test of being “Sadiq” in comparison to the personality of Prophet Muhammad SAW. Proving that he was no Zil, Buruz or Second Advent of Prophet Muhammad SAW. He was not remotely like him SAW.
Mirza’s understanding of Quran and Islam was injure, he has nothing else but conjecture and lies in his mind. These traits of Mirza comes to the forth in his writings. Mirza failed miserably in his endeavour to prove from Quran that he was recipient of knowledge of unseen; a righteous or truthful person; his claim of prophethood as Zil, Buruz of Prophet Muhammad SAW or otherwise failed miserably.
In short Mirza failed to fulfil condition of Prophethood set by him.
There could be no better example of his abject failure then for him not to fulfil condition he himself set to prove that he was a Prophet of whatever kind.
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